VIII Summit of the Americas "Democratic Governance against Corruption"

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svc@oas.org
VIII Summit of the Americas "Democratic Governance against Corruption"

Subtheme 1: Democratic Governance and Corruption
•    How is corruption reflected in your country and what are the consequences?
•    Does your government have mechanisms which provide free and transparent access to public information? If that is not the case, what mechanisms would you suggest to improve access to public information?
•    Do you feel that citizen participation in your country has decreased in the past few years? If so, what factors do you believe have contributed to this?

Subtheme 2: Corruption and Sustainable Development
•    How do you think corruption affects your ability to enjoy your inherent human rights in your country? What strategies do you think the government should implement to resolve this issue?

Subtheme 3: Corruption, International Institutions, and Public-Private Partnerships
•    Do you feel that governments and the private sector can consolidate strategic partnerships to fight corruption? How?
•    Do you know of any institutions that fight corruption in your country? Do you consider these institutions effective? What measures could be implemented to improve them?

Participants should respect the diversity of opinions and refrain from actions that incite physical or verbal violence, or disrupt the order in civil society activities.

English
iEARNTRINIDAD
re joining

After participating since 2007 in OAS civil society and joining the prepartion for the 5th Summit and beyond  dropped out of the forum because my email address was compremised however I have changed my email comtact and renew my interest in the civil society network and forum

 

legusquiza
legusquiza's picture
Welcome back

Hello, Gia Gaspard is good to know about your interest in this forum, please share with us your country's experience with the corruption issues. Maybe we can summarize the forum issues in three questions: 1. How does corruption work in your country? 2. What impact corruption has on the lives of the citizens and their enjoying of Human Rights? And 3. What measures or practices have adopted your government, private sector or civil society to fight against corruption? 

What is your perspective on this questions? 

Thanks again for participate.

goxley
goxley's picture
What is corruption?

Hi Luis,

It is good to be back in this forum with additional company in Gia as we are from the same country. I will like to get a full description of what we think is corruption as defined by thyis social forum. 

The questions posed are deliberate and I can say our government have tried in the past and presently in different forms to prevent and to manage the level of corruption to no avail. Meaning prosecution is limited if not non existent. 

The level of corruption begins from the ground up and we tend to look at government but the supporters of the party in power is the major contributor to corruption in the quest for handouts, contracts etc. 

The comingling of civil society organisations in political parties give power to corrupt practices when CSO leaders campaign for specific politcal parties. Then CSOs are against each other when one is favour over the other for funding because they were party supporters. 

The level of trust in the society has become a challenge. G.O International is now partnering with CIVICUS at the International Civil Society Week to draw the attention of leaders to Shared Values in Governance. We believe that when we respect the transcendent in humans in their quest for liberty we will once more enjoy the peace we yearn for.

legusquiza
legusquiza's picture
Corruption

Dear Gale, it is very complicated to establish a comprehensive concept of "corruption" but the, but the Interamerican Convention on Corruption defines aspects of that phenomenon which are essential for regulatory purposes:    Article VI 

Acts of Corruption

1. This Convention is applicable to the following acts of corruption:

a. The solicitation or acceptance, directly or indirectly, by a government official or a person who performs public functions, of any article of monetary value, or other benefit, such as a gift, favor, promise or advantage for himself or for another person or entity, in exchange for any act or omission in the performance of his public functions;

b. The offering or granting, directly or indirectly, to a government official or a person who performs public functions, of any article of monetary value, or other benefit, such as a gift, favor, promise or advantage for himself or for another person or entity, in exchange for any act or omission in the performance of his public functions;

c. Any act or omission in the discharge of his duties by a government official or a person who performs public functions for the purpose of illicitly obtaining benefits for himself or for a third party;

d. The fraudulent use or concealment of property derived from any of the acts referred to in this article; and

e. Participation as a principal, coprincipal, instigator, accomplice or accessory after the fact, or in any other manner, in the commission or attempted commission of, or in any collaboration or conspiracy to commit, any of the acts referred to in this article.

2. This Convention shall also be applicable by mutual agreement between or among two or more States Parties with respect to any other act of corruption not described herein.

goxley
goxley's picture
Thank you Luis.

Thank you Luis.

I thought you would have added a copy to the concept page.

We can also examine our questions in light of this article as I did and come up with some suggestions on improving relations.

Gale

cesamar
cesamar's picture
1. ¿Cómo funciona la corrupción en su país?

El Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (Inei) informó que la corrupción desplazó a la delincuencia como el principal problema que afecta al país según la última Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (Enaho) realizada entre noviembre 2016 y abril 2017.

Debido a las reiteradas denuncias sobre los casos de corrupción, divulgadas en los medios de comunicación, el 48.1% de los encuestados (población de 18 y más años de edad) considera este tema como el principal problema que afecta al país.

cesamar
cesamar's picture
Encuesta sobre corrupción en el Perú

La nueva encuesta de Proética reveló sin mucha sorpresa que la mayoría (52%) de encuestados considera que la corrupción es uno de los tres principales problemas del país (solo superada por la delincuencia con 57% de menciones). Cada año son más los que mencionan la corrupción como principal problema.

¿Por qué les importa la corrupción a los ciudadanos? Para los encuestados, la corrupción reduce sus oportunidades (de conseguir empleo, de éxito en sus negocios), trae servicios públicos y obras públicas de mala calidad y resta confianza en el Estado.

Si bien la encuesta muestra que la tolerancia a la corrupción ha bajado, aún más del 70% es más o menos tolerante con la corrupción. Con una sociedad condescendiente con la corrupción, la llevamos perdida.

La mayoría dice que los tres poderes del Estado tienen que tomar acciones frente a la corrupción, y que lo hacen mal. Apenas el 10% señala que el gobierno actual, el Congreso y el Poder Judicial están haciendo una buena o muy buena gestión frente a la corrupción. Los encuestados reconocen que parte del problema es que la corrupción y el crimen organizado están enraizados en la política y con ello tienen injerencia en las autoridades.

Si estas percepciones de los ciudadanos reflejan la realidad, las cosas solo empeorarán con cada nueva elección y nuevo gobierno. La única forma de cambiar esta tendencia es con reformas que traben el accionar mafioso y corrupto en la política, que generen reglas de juego que se puedan hacer cumplir y que logren que el Estado actúe con transparencia y rendición pública de cuentas. Tristemente no se ven liderazgos ni coaliciones capaces de implementar una agenda así.

legusquiza
legusquiza's picture
Foro en español

Estimado César puedes unirte al foro en castellano a través del siguiente link:

http://svc.summit-americas.org/es/seguimiento_vii_cumbre

 

 

AllanRosenbaum
Sub-themes 1 and 2

I thought I would take the liberty to share a paper that I have written dealing with strategies to address corruption which might be of interest to those concerned with sub-theme 1, and another paper which was prepared at the request of the United Nations Division of Public Administration and Development Management on strategies which a country should pursue in terms of successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals which should have some relevance for folks concerned with sub-theme 2. Please feel free to share any reactions or comments either here or directly to me at rosenbau@fiu.edu.

mgilletteibern
comentarios

Esta es mi nota de respuesta a cesamar sobre la corrupción en Perú; Respetuosamente no estoy de acuerdo con que las oportunidades de empleo y la disponibilidad de los servicios públicos se afectan con la corrupción. El problema es uno de criminalidad, no de discriminación. 

JudyV
Corruption in Peru

Absolutely Marlene. Corruption has not related with property, employment or public services a priori. Employment opportunities and public services access of course are increased when a good government is ruling and measuring the public budget implementation, but that is more related with the personal relationships between politicians, and their values, not with the nature or definition of the economic structural institutions per se.

ANEC
Sub-themes 1 and 2

Hello to everyone! :

It´s a privilege to comment on these issues.

Corruption is a very despicable issue afecting our countries today, specially concerning our goals of development and the trust of the people in the way the government is performing.

Fortunally,  in Cuba the level of corruption is low and it¨s considered one of the less corrupted countries. The government policies are tought about fighting it in coordination with the civil society. 

Of course, we continue working in our research and all kind of information is welcome.

MWojciechowski
Corruption in Canada

Good afternoon.

It is a pleasure to be part of this discussion about corruption. In Canada, where i work for human rights and the defense of dignity of human person, corruption is, more than only despicable, a complex, deep issue.

It involves the configuration of social and political concepts, new ones, about human rights and even law doctrinal issues, not for the wellbeing of society, but for configure the public opinion, in favor of personal interests of the party at time.  The corruption comes, so, with a very strong injury to society, cause it goes directly to culture, national cohesion and axiological matters, all of them impacting social and cultural sustainability.

jmartin
Corruption in political US legislative financial lobbying

Hi everybody,

I, as american citizen and representing Human Life International in this Virtual Forum, am very pleasured to contribute in this important issue, key for america real development.

In Us, day by day, there are billions of dollars spent in lobbying and lobbyist employers, encouraging financial misregulation, and enforcing public legislative decisions obviously on issues with a huge amount of financial gains involved. The problem is that a legislative topic can be measured in dollars, not in public benefit or social impact. Corruption with appereance of lobbying, -when a lobby is valued more than it is convenient, and overvalued by the economic capacity of the lobyy owner- would influence the legislative priorities, counting against issues with such a huge importance for the society, but with a low monetary return.

This is of course corruption, in a sharper way and appereance, but just corruption, absolutely. A Legislative branch, busy on financial matters and unconcerned about human rights, sistematically, is certainly, one of the worst ways of corruption.

mgilletteibern
comentarios

Buenas noches a todos. No estoy segura si mis comentarios completos fueron montados bien por mi parte. Por eso se los incluyo de nuevo. Muchas gracias. 

Saludos a todos. Soy del Centro Guadalupe Vida y Familia de Puerto Rico. Les paso mis comentarios con mi agradecimiento en tomarlos en cuenta. En cuanto al tema 1 de gobernabilidad democrática y corrupción les puedo decir que en Puerto Rico la gobernabilidad democrática está firme pero los escándalos asociados con la corrupción a nivel del gobierno han sido bastante serios y sin duda seguirán surgiendo porque el ser humano es falible. Es posible que la corrupción podría afectar la confianza del pueblo en el sistema democrático gubernamental pero no es una probabilidad. Lo que sí puede verse que podría pasar es que los ciudadanos, si la corrupción continuara rampante, podrían optar por un gobierno antidemocrático de carácter totalitario y socialista.  En cuanto al tema 2: corrupción y desarrollo sostenible les puedo decir que el problema es que el desarrollo sostenible es una teoría basada en la idea general de que un país posee recursos limitados para sostener al pueblo. Esta teoría, no conforme con la realidad, si se propagara, crearía una angustia en el ciudadano que podría reforzar una opción por un gobierno socialista y por ende anti-democrática, asumiendo que con ello asegura su sobrevivencia. Bien se sabe que los derechos humanos bajo un sistema de gobierno socialista no son reconocidos. Por otro lado, los derechos humanos bajo un sistema de gobierno democrático son reconocidos.  En cuanto al tema 3 de ​aspectos de cooperación, institucionalidad internacional, y alianzas público privadas les puedo decir que para atender la corrupción, lo que hay que reforzar son los sistemas de seguridad y justicia a nivel de la policía y la fiscalía y la judicatura del gobierno, y ello podría incluir contar con investigadores policiacos especiales, con fiscales especiales independientes, y con jueces especiales para los casos de corrupción gubernamental. En cuanto a buscar alianzas con instituciones internacionales o con el sector privado, no se ve que ahí esté la solución.

jmartin
more comments

Good evening again to all. As I stated earlier, I write as a member of Human LIfe International in the United States. I would like to add to my earlier comments. If authentic human rights are not respected, and organizations that promote abortion and euthanasia are allowed to exist in society, then that will mean that government will not be able to save society from the economic disaster that will take place in the country, because one can be sure that a demographic disaster will happen in the country. That is when goverment and even individual corruption will become much worse in the country. This will happen because everyone will be trying to survive in a country that is suffering with a major economic disaster.